Tuesday, January 21, 2020

Ernst Mayrs One Long Argument - Creationism vs. Evolutionism :: Argumentative Persuasive Argument Essays

Ernst Mayr's One Long Argument - Creationism vs. Evolutionism Challenging the accepted order of society always brings a wave of criticism and contempt. In Ernst Mayr's One Long Argument, he aggressively brings to the forefront of debate the notion that his predecessors had heatedly argued for years, that man is not a divinely created creature, but rather just another animal in a state of constant change. Examining the path Charles Darwin, had followed in his attempt to better understand the evolutionary path of man, noted biologist Ernst Mayr explains Darwinian theory in respects to not only evolution but also in respect to the belief that man is somehow a creature made of a higher divinity than all else. And it is this challenge of man's role as something divine that caught me as being quite profound. It has been the belief of man since the dawn of civilization that somehow he was created above all other creatures, and that life for him, existed outside of the natural world. The interesting perspective Mayr brings to the topic of man and God is that, man may not be so divine as to be able to stand outside the natural order of evolution. Yet despite anthropological evidence, such as fossils, the public has a difficulty in accepting that man and animal had a common ancestor: that man had to evolve to his present state. But in contrast many are not be so surprised to believe that animals underwent and still undergo a constant change. Further still Mayr makes the attempt at understanding the phenomena of why man cannot agree to having evolved from the same common ancestor as the wild animal the chimpanzee. It may seem that, according to Mayr, that man's own inability to come to terms with his own evolution, stems from a feeling of not wanting to be reduced to just another animal in the chain of life. For hundreds of years, as Mayr examines, religion after religion has always placed man on some sort of pedestal, superior to all other species. And when Darwin confronted the world with possibly another truth, he shattered man's perception of himself. Even today, a hundred years after Darwin first challenged the accepted order of man as a divine being, Mayr still raises controversy in the debate over man as being just another animal undergoing a constant evolutionary change like all other animals.

Monday, January 13, 2020

Google And Motorola Essay

This $12. 5 billion deal is Google’s first step into the mobile device hardware market and can therefore be seen as a non- ­? horizontal or vertical merger, as Google has been active in the market at a different stage of the supply chain through the development of one of the major mobile device operating systems (OSs): Android OS. This merger will strengthen Google’s stance in the market for mobile devices and will mainly boost Google’s patent portfolio. Nearly one third of all mobile device sales in 2011 were smartphones with a growth rate of 58 percent from 2010. In this rapidly eveloping market with such a high number of consumers, it is of great importance that there is high competition in order to keep the prices low and to drive innovation. As this market is also very global, antitrust organisations all over the world, for example the United States Department of Justice or the European Commission need to check, whether a merger like the one that is presented in the following could harm competition or increase a firm’s market power in a market above an acceptable level. Additionally, this paper will face the question, whether the sinergies of this merger are big enough to influence the competition ommissions’ decisions. In order to answer these questions, this paper will firstly present the case and the decisions from both the European and the US point of view. Secondly, it will show an analysis of the economic background of the case to trace the steps of the two antitrust commissions and then, thirdly it will conclude with a competition analysis and a search for efficiency gains that justify the commissions’ decisions, followed by a short outlook. As an introductory part to this paper, I will give some general information about the firms, their operations prior to the merger and a projection of their ombined future. I will also present the notifying party’s (i. e. Google’s) reasons for why they would like to acquire Motorola. Following this are the EU and U. S. decisions and a short abstract on the differences in their approaches. 1 2. 1 Google, Inc. Google is mainly known as a provider of its internet search platform and online advertising services. Founded by Larry Page and Sergey Brin in 1998, it became a publically traded company in 2004 and since then it has become one of the biggest players in web- ­? based enterprises around the world. Its broad range of products goes from web search tools, via advertising services ike AdSense or AdWords, communication and publishing services, development resources, map- ­? related products, statistical tools and desktop applications to mobile applications and the operating systems Android for mobile devices and ChromeOS for personal computers. (Google, Inc. , 2012a) 2. 2 Motorola Mobility Holdings, Inc. MMI, formerly the mobile devices division of Motorola Inc. , became its own publically traded company in January 2011. In the 1990s it was the pioneer of the flip phone, the StarTac. With this and through its focus on this market segment it was able to develop its hit product, the super- ­? thin flip phone: Motorola RAZR. While these boosted its position in the analogue mobile phone market for a while, MMI’s slow adaption to digital technology made it lose the race to its rivals, e. g. Sony Ericsson or Nokia, in the beginning of the 21st century (Motorola Mobility Holdings, Inc. , 2010). Its market share began to drop with a record $1. 2 billion loss in 2007 and continued to drop in the years thereafter towards 2. 7 percent in 2010. This, amongst other issues, has led some people to believe that Motorola was nearing bankruptcy. (Gartner, Inc. , 2011) 2. 3 Reasons for a Merger In its own press release, Google Inc. (2012) states the ain benefits of the deal to be: 1. An acceleration of innovation and choice in mobile computing through which consumers will get better phones at lower prices and 2. A protection of the Android Ecosystem through Motorola’s patent portfolio, which guarantees Android to stay open- ­? source software, which is vital to completion in the mobile device space, as it is ensuring hardware manufacturers, application developers, mobile phone carriers and consumers all to have choice. Since 2008 Motorola has fully implemented the Android operating system for their 2 smartphones, which creates a â€Å"natural fit between [the two] companies† Google, Inc. , 2012b, p. 1). This, as well as Motorola being a member of the Open Handset Alliance (OHA), a consortium to create open standards for mobile devices, which now includes 84 firms from every part of the supply chain, will enable faster innovation. Another point that Google stresses in their facts about the acquisition is the long history of innovation in communications technology at Motorola Mobility and additionally the development of intellectual property. The latter is very important to Google as it will support their own, so far very small, patent portfolio to defend Android OS against the strong competition rom Apple and Microsoft, which is well explained in an extra paragraph in their press release. It is very important to Google to support the constant competition it has injected into the smartphone market since the introduction of the first Android phone in 2008. They are trying to give â€Å"consumers, application developers, and mobile carriers high- ­? quality alternatives to products like Apple? s iPhone and iPad and RIM’s BlackBerryâ€Å" (Google, Inc. , 2012b, p. 2). Google especially highlights what they will not be trying to do with the merger, in order to keep competitors and consumers calm. They do not want to close the Android cosystem and favour Motorola over other hardware manufactures. The Android OS will stay available to everyone on an open source basis. Google will also not force their partners to use Google search (in order to boost their own advertising revenues). 2. 4 The EU Decision The European Commission (EC) was notified of the proposed merger in late November 2011. Since Google and Motorola Mobility have a combined world- ­? wide turnover exceeding â‚ ¬5 billion and each have an EU- ­? wide turnover of more than â‚ ¬250 million, as well as neither one company is achieving more than two- ­? thirds of its EU- ­? Wide turnover within one European ountry, the merger has an EU dimension and has therefore to be allowed by the EC. In their analysis of whether the merger would bring about competition issues, the EC concluded to focus on the vertical relationships between â€Å"Google as the supplier of the open source Android OS and online services on the one hand and Motorola Mobility as a supplier of mobile devices and holder of important Intellectual Property Rights for mobile devices on the other hand† (European Commission, 2012, p. 4). The EC splits its initial market analysis into three parts: Firstly it focusses on the market for operating systems, secondly it analyses he market for mobile devices and thirdly it discusses the Standard Essential Patents (SEPs) 3 Google acquires from MMI. With their market analysis they conduct a competition analysis and conclude in all areas that the merger does not raise any competition issues, which can also be seen in the economic analysis that follows later. Their decision therefore is to drop the investigation and allow the deal to go through without any remedies or changes to be made. 2. 5 The US Decision The United States Department of Justice (DOJ) has approached the case in a similar, however, slightly different way. It combined the investigations f the merger case with acquisitions of certain patents by Apple Inc. , Microsoft Corporation and Research In Motion Ltd. , as all of these were linked to each other. In their analysis, the DOJ followed a similar approach to the EU, checking, whether the proposed acquisitions would create incentives and abilities for the acquiring firms to â€Å"exploit ambiguities in the SSOs’ F/RAND [fair/ reasonable and non- ­? discriminatory terms] licensing commitments to hold up rivals, this preventing or inhibiting innovation and competition† (U. S. Department of Justice, 2012, p. 2). In terms of Microsoft Corp. ’s and Apple’s acquisition of Nortel patents, the division’s concerns were lessened by the â€Å"clear commitments by Apple And Microsoft to license SEPsâ€Å" (U. S. Department of Justice, 2012, p. 1) on FRAND terms, as well as their commitments not to seek injunctions in disputes involving SEPs. However, the Department of Justice identifies Google’s commitments to be less clear. The Department refers to Google’s open letter to all Standard Setting Organizations (SSOs) and argues that Google’s statement does not directly provide the same assurance, as for example the other companies mentioned before. Google for example mentions in their letter that it will not seek njunctions for the infringement of SEPs against a competitor, however only for disputes involving future license revenues, and only if the counterparty â€Å"forgoes certain defenses such as challenging the validity of the patent; pays the full disputed amount into escrow; and agrees to a reciprocal assurance as the other companies’ statements concerning the exercise of its newly acquired patent rightsâ€Å" (Lo, 2012, p. 3). These are, however, only reasons for the Department to decide on further monitoring of how competitors are exercising their patents, in order to identify potential misuses of the SEPs and not to prohibit the merger.

Sunday, January 5, 2020

The Design of Life - God or Evolution Essay - 1325 Words

The Design of Life - God or Evolution? Life has indeed been designed, but by whom or what is the central controversy. Creationists believe it was an intelligent designer, namely, God; evolutionists believe it was a driving force of nature, namely, natural selection. Natural selection works when life forms with advantageous survival traits live long enough to breed, therefore passing on those traits to the next generation. Life forms with weaker traits die before breeding, and therefore disappear from the gene pool. Genetic diversity results in slight variations of these hereditary traits from generation to generation, which allows a species to adapt to the changing demands of a changing environment. This results in a suitability†¦show more content†¦The problem is one of choosing the correct analogy. He pointed out that the universe more resembles a living organism than a mechanical watch -- which indicates that the universe must have started as a fetus in a cosmic womb! Other scholars also lampooned Paleys argum ent; Voltaire argued that noses must have been designed to hold up glasses, and that bunny rabbits must have been given white tails so they could be easier to shoot. The idea of design was so thoroughly and effectively ridiculed that theologians of the time actually stopped using it as an argument, although, curiously enough, it would resurface in the 20th century. Darwin essentially agreed that life had been designed, although not necessarily by the designer that Paley evoked. Darwins advance on the argument was that the designer did not have to be an intelligent being, but could also be a driving force of nature. Consider the example of horse-breeding. A rancher can select any trait among his horses that he would like to emphasize -- for example, small size. By breeding his smallest horses together, he will eventually obtain a line of miniature horses. Evolutionists cite this as proof that species can change as a result of selective breeding. Creationists respond -- quite rightly -- that the process needs a designer, in this case the rancher. But evolutionists point out that the same process happens in nature. Imagine a land separated by a mountain range a thousand miles long.Show MoreRelatedEssay on Intelligent Design: The Best of Both Theories1112 Words   |  5 PagesShould schools be allowed to teach evolution without teaching creationis m? The courts have ruled, the answer is no, the theory of creationism cannot be included in a public school’s academic curriculum. With the court’s decision, it has been made clear there is no place for faith based theories to be taught in our public schools. What if there was a different approach that took God out of the equation? Public high schools should allow a course in intelligent design to be included in the curriculumRead MoreEvolution Through the Influence of God1605 Words   |  7 Pagesorigin of life has increased. People feel evidence is necessary to determine a faith and many fear going against the word of God or nature of science. These people have established their own â€Å"religion† or belief called the intelligent design theory. Through a combination of scientific evidence and Biblical moralities, the intelligent design theory was established to accommodate believers in the divine Christ and the theory of evolution. This group believes th at evolution is occurring, but that God createdRead MoreBelieving in Evolution Essay1171 Words   |  5 PagesBelieving in Evolution Darwin did two things; He showed that evolution was a fact contradicting literal interpretations of Scriptural legends of creation and that its cause, natural selection, was automatic with no room for Divine Guidance or Design. (Britannica Encyclopaedia) The traditional Christian view of the creation of the world is that God created everything after much thought, planning and design in just six days, these beliefs are based onRead MoreThe Origin Of Life And Evolution1744 Words   |  7 Pagesmaintain an anti-darwian position on the origin of life and species. A poll done by Gallup Institute in 2004 showed that an approximate of 42% of Americans believe that humanity was created by God, 18% believe in an evolution directed by God, and only 26% of them support Darwin’s theory. In Great Britain, a survey performed by BBC to a 2000 people sample found that 52% said to believe in non Darwinian explications for the origin of life and evolution. In a more recent survey done in 34 countries byRead MoreDoes the Theory of Evolution Contradict Creation?1326 Words   |  6 PagesEvolution of Darwin and christianity These days , a number of the view that the theory of evolution as formulated by Charles Darwin is not against religion . There also was not convinced that the theory of evolution but still also contribute in teaching and redistribute it . This would not have happened if they really understand the theory. This is due to the inability to understand the dogma of Darwinism , including the views of the most dangerous of these theories are indoctrinated to the societyRead MoreThe Debate Between Evolution and Creationism1648 Words   |  7 Pagesthe debate between creationism vs. evolution consist of, the thought that it is ‘â€Å"God did it† vs. â€Å"Natural processes did it,†Ã¢â‚¬â„¢ (Scott, 2004) may arise. Science cannot absolutely prove or disprove Creation or Evolution. Yet scientist and the remainder of society use creationism and evolution to prove our existence. Creationist believe in the Christian account of the origin as recorded in Genesis. Creationism is the belief that statements such as â€Å"In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth†Read MoreCan An Atheist Support Intelligent Design?1145 Words   |  5 PagesAtheist Support Intelligent Design? Intelligent design is an extremely controversial subject. It has been debated in schools, churches, and even personal conversations. Intelligent Design is the theory that supports the idea of an intelligent being existing as the creator of certain aspects of the universe and biological life. It does not go as far as to try to identify this intelligence, it just notes its presence. Knowing the definition of Intelligent Design, it seems impossible that anRead MoreIntelligent Design Essays1315 Words   |  6 PagesIntelligent design also referred to as ID is a concept that has its early origins from 4th century BC in the works Timaeus by Plato were he describes a supreme wisdom and intelligence as the creator of the cosmos. In the Metaphysics Aristotle furthers developed the idea of a natural creator of the cosmos. One of the most famous ideas for intelligent design today comes the 13th century where Thomas Aguinas described the concept of design as the fifth of five proofs for the existence of God in his workRead MoreThe Argument Of God s Existence1737 Words   |  7 PagesBEST EXPLANATION Does God exist? This question has been in debate for centuries with many opposing views, some arising from philosophers on the same side while others refute Gods existence altogether. However for this particular paper I will be taking the best explanations approach. What I mean by this is I do not have proof of God’s existence but the existence of God is the best explanation for the universe around me. With this statement in mind we will discuss arguments in support of God’s existenceRead MoreExamine the Key Features of the Teleological Argument?1491 Words   |  6 Pagesposteriori and like the cosmological argument, attempts to prove the existence of God. It claims that certain phenomena within the universe appear to display features of design and are perfectly adapted to fulfil their function. Therefore, if features of the universe are so perfectly designed, for example the structure and function of the heart, then there must be a designer, which points towards th e existence of God. The teleological argument is based around the idea that the universe in some way

Saturday, December 28, 2019

Strategic Management and Case Study - 981 Words

Bachelor of Applied Management Graduate Diploma in Business AMSM700a Strategic Management Assessment One – Case Study 2014 Due date: 18th July 2014, at 6:00 p.m. QUESTION TOPIC MARKS 1 Vision, Mission and Strategy 20 2 SWOT Analysis 15 3 PESTLE 20 4 Leadership, Culture and Ethics 20 5 Mission and Staff Engagement 20 6 Formatting and Referencing 5 TOTAL MARKS: 100 Student ID NorthTec reserves the right to use electronic means to detect and help prevent plagiarism. Students agree that when submitting this assignment, it may be subject to submission for textual similarity review to Turnitin.com. Submissions received late will be subject to a penalty of 10% of the†¦show more content†¦The only exception is where an application for an extension has been accepted by the course examiner. 5 ASSESSMENT The case study is worth 25% of your final grade for this paper. ANSWER THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS IN EACH STATED TOPIC; 1 Vision, Mission and Strategy; (a) State and then critique the vision AND mission statement for FONTERRA, using relevant theory to demonstrate their value to the organisation. If you are unable to find the information, develop a mission and vision statement for the organisation, with reasons why your statements are appropriate for the organisation. (12 marks) (b) State FONTERRA’s strategy. If you are unable to find the information, develop an appropriate strategy for the organisation, with reasons why this is an appropriate strategy. Discuss the rationale of changing the name of the organisation to SPARK. (8 marks) 2 Write a SWOT analysis with rationale for FONTERRA. (A list is not acceptable). (15 marks) 3 PESTLE; (a) Using the PESTLE Analysis Template as a guide, prepare one (1) example of each of the six (6) components (including why it is important to consider) for FONTERRA. (12 marks) (b) Use critical evaluation skills to discussShow MoreRelatedCase Studies in Strategic Management6683 Words   |  27 PagesCA/CWA, MEC/CEC, B.Com B.Sc. Master Minds CASE STUDIES IN STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT May 2007 – PCC Exam DD is the India’s premier public service broadcaster with more than 1,000 transmitters covering 90% of the country’s population across on estimated 70 million homes. It has more than 20,000 employees managing its metro and regional channels. Recent years have seen growing competition from many private channels numbering more than 65, and the cable and satellite operators (C S). The C S networkRead MoreStrategic Management Case Study5065 Words   |  21 PagesQ1. Expand on the rationale behind the Fiat and Chrysler strategic alliance. In December 2008 Fiat witnessed such a drop off in its demand for cars that they were forced to close for a month and lay off close to 50,000 workers. The company indicated that amid the financial crisis it was looking for a partner who could give the company the much needed push in the North American market. Fiat learned about Chrysler’s bankruptcy problems and put an offer on the table for the purchase of Chrysler. ExpertsRead MoreCase Study Gillette Strategic Management1886 Words   |  8 PagesCase study discussion – Gillette loses face This is a deceptively simple-looking case. The lazy student will simply adopt the critical line on the company’s strategy being fed to him or her by Jeremy Kahn, the author of the article. In fact, things are by no means so clear-cut, students need to do some careful analysis, particularly in the area of Gillette’s corporate-level strategy, before this becomes plain. They have to be prepared to think hard about the success factors in the different businessesRead MoreCase Study : Strategic Management Models Essay1647 Words   |  7 PagesUNIVERSITY NAME: SHIRLYNNE JOYCE WANJIKU ADM: B400/1806p/14 COURSE TITLE: STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT MODELS COURSE CODE: DBM 943 SUBMITTED TO: PROF PAUL KATUSE ASSIGMNMENT 1 QUESTION 4 Question 4 a) Choose an industry of your interest and use porters five forces method of analysis to explain why the industry is attractive to you. Porter applied microeconomic principles to business strategy and analyzed the strategic requirements of industrial sectors, not just specific companies. TheRead MoreStrategic Management Ikea Case Study6700 Words   |  27 PagesStrategic Management IKEA Case Study Table of Contents Introduction Page 3 IKEA Strategy Description: Porter’s Generic Strategy Options Page 4 IKEA Strategy Description: Ansoff Matrix Page 7 IKEA Strategy Evaluation: Suitability Page 9 IKEA Strategy Evaluation: Porter’s 5 Forces Page 9 IKEA Strategy Evaluation: Capabilities Page 11 IKEA Strategy Evaluation: SWOT-Analysis Page 12 Stakeholder Expectations: Page 14 Conclusion: Page 15 References:Read MoreStrategic Operations Management Case Study1788 Words   |  8 PagesMGMT7.04 Strategic Operations Management Case Study 1 Due Date: 20.03.2015 Structure 1. Introduction 3 2. Hagen Style’s important operations resources 3 3. Hagen Style’s market requirements 4 4. Courses of action 5 4.1 Three alternative courses of action 5 4.2 Evaluation and justification of courses of action 6 5. Recommendation 6 References 8 List of figures 8 1. Introduction Hagen Style was a firm which sold kitchen equipment, tableware and small gadgets. It was a very strongRead MoreStrategic Management - Virgin Case Study1219 Words   |  5 Pageswell-known in other important markets including Europe and the U.S.A. Based on 1990s research, the Virgin brand was recognised by 96% of UK consumers (Case, p.685). Secondly, it is rare for a brand to have such positive consumer perceptions; which include value-for-money, fun, innovation, success, and trust across a range of Virgin businesses (Case, p.685). Thirdly, Virgin has built up their excellent reputation over time, and is therefore path dependent and difficult for competitors to imitate. LastlyRead MoreStrategic Management - Virgin Case Study1122 Words   |  5 Pageswell-known in other important markets including Europe and the U.S.A. Based on 1990s research, the Virgin brand was recognised by 96% of UK consumers (Case, p.685). Secondly, it is rare for a brand to have such positive consumer percepti ons; which include value-for-money, fun, innovation, success, and trust across a range of Virgin businesses (Case, p.685). Thirdly, Virgin has built up their excellent reputation over time, and is therefore path dependent and difficult for competitors to imitate. LastlyRead MoreStrategic Management Case Study with Analysis2747 Words   |  11 Pagesgratitude to our esteemed members of the editorial board for their cooperation and support and putting in their best in bringing out this issue of our college newsletter.             MASTER OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION: The Department of Management Studies, being the youngest in the college, was established in the year 2008. The campus provides an ideal environment for young minds to explore new knowledge, encourage in lateral and creative thinking. It aims at providing education, training andRead MoreCase Study - Intel This is a strategic management case3101 Words   |  13 Pagesto create value to Intels key stakeholders: its customers. To achieve this Intel uses the following key drivers (which are discussed in detail in Question 2): *Market leadership and Innovation *Research and Development *Strategic Alliances *Good Human Resource Management *Benchmarking *Branding KEY INNOVATIONS Innovation has always been a key feature in Intels history. In this section we summarise the major innovations brought out by Intel: 1969SRAM (bipolar static random access memory);

Thursday, December 19, 2019

My Philosophy of Education Essay - 2309 Words

My Philosophy of Education Education. What is education? Education is a field of study dealing with methods of teaching and learning. Many children in the world today are getting some kind of education. Whether it is at home or in a classroom, education is everywhere. Many of the teachers today have a philosopher that they use as a reference to their everyday teaching or use some of their methods to teach their students. In this paper Im going to express my meaning of education and the different aspects that each and every teacher should follow. Im going to start with nature of students than follow into with these topics: nature of knowledge, purpose of education, why it is important, things I want to accomplish as a teacher,†¦show more content†¦When the teachers got the results back they would place the students into groups such as: the slow kids, intermediate kids, average kids, and the superior. So if Rousseau was right on his theory than each kid in my class would have passed that test with high scores, and there would not have been a need for separate reading groups. When a child learns how to read than they will never forget how, they will just grow more in their vocabulary and speaking. What if someone asked you, What is knowledge? Does it Change? you should reply that knowledge is something that is far as one knows, and no it does not change; its absolute. What you know in life can only increase not decrease. There might come a time in your life when you think you know everything there is to know about a certain thing, but then you sit down and read a book you learn something else that you didnt know before. So that proves your knowledge increases not decreases, and the things you are taught and learn or your own will never change, they can only increase. An example showing that knowledge never changes is like when you read your bible. You go and read a chapter and you interpret what that chapter said. Then you read that chapter later on in that same year you will pi ck up on something that you never knew before. As for the truth of the bible it never changes and it also is absolute. If you would burn this book it wouldShow MoreRelatedMy Philosophy On The Philosophy Of Education844 Words   |  4 PagesIn mathematics, as in life, everything must be brought to the simplest of terms. I base my teaching philosophy on the foundation that every student is capable of learning mathematics. I will strive, as a teacher, to ensure that my students are able to have a strong foundation of mathematical skills when they leave my classroom. Some students believe that they are not mathematically gifted; therefore, incapable of learning mathematics. I believe to the contrary, all students with motivation, sustainedRead MoreMy Philosophy On Philosophy Of Education852 Words   |  4 PagesMy Philosophy of Education My philosophy of education is founded on a belief that all students have a desire to learn and to feel accepted. Learning takes place when students are able to have their specific needs meet inside the classroom, to feel accepted in the environment, and find the learning to be meaningful. I believe that before learning can take place a proper educational environment must be present inside the classroom. In order to make any classroom work I believe you need meet three criteriaRead MoreMy Philosophy Of Education As A Education864 Words   |  4 Pagesdifferent philosophy of education, and what purpose education serves in a child’s life. The five philosophies of education that we recognize are: Essentialism, Perennialism, Progressivism, Social Reconstructionism, and Existentialism. I would most recognize my philosophy of education as Essentialism. Essentialism has been a dominant influence in American education since World War II. It focuses on core curriculum of traditional academic topics. I believe that the purpose of education is teachingRead MoreMy Philosophy Of Education And Education1038 Words   |  5 PagesMy Philosophy of Education When trying coming up with a personal philosophy of education, I had to ask myself what the purpose of education is. To me, the purpose of education is to teach students knowledge that is needed to make it through school and to succeed in the world after graduation. Anyone can go into teaching, but not every teacher can teach. Teachers go above and beyond to introduce methods, philosophies, and strategies to help their students learn, as well as, retain the informationRead MoreMy Philosophy of Education824 Words   |  4 Pages13 February 2011 My Philosophy of Education I believe that progressivism educational philosophy most closely matches my educational ideals. In my opinion based on the progressivism educational philosophy, the purpose of education is to enable students to learn useful knowledge that has meaning to them in the future. Thus, the most useful education for students is the skill of â€Å"learning how to learn†. When students understand the methodsRead MoreMy Education Philosophy 1511 Words   |  6 PagesPersonal Mission Statement Education is the imparting and acquiring of knowledge and skills through teaching and learning. As an educator, my personal mission statement is to master my subject area in order to serve as a role model for my students thereby producing students who thoroughly understand the subject matter, and who develop holistically. In order to achieve this goal I must have a set education philosophy with a strong Christian worldview. I must also have a general understanding of theRead MoreMy Philosophy Of Education1056 Words   |  5 PagesPhilosophy of Student Engagement My philosophy of education is that every child should receive high quality education that is inclusive, relevant and meaningful to their life. I am a firm believer of making pedagogy relatable to my students. My vision is driven by my personal experiences with the American school system. I was what is thought of as â€Å"A child at risk†. I am an immigrant, black, Muslim student. My life is transactional as I am a part of multiple marginalized groups. Most of my teachersRead MoreMy Philosophy Of Education And Education864 Words   |  4 PagesPhilosophy of Education Children are the future and their education is the key to our society’s success. When considering this, I realize I have an immense responsibility as an educator. The main focuses of my teaching are active learning, building character within students, and providing meaningful curriculum. I want to create a comfortable setting where every student feels safe to learn. In many ways, my philosophy agrees with the holistic approach to education. I feel this challenges the studentRead MoreMy Philosophy on Education814 Words   |  3 PagesMy Philosophy of Education I think when I made the decision to become a teacher I was not thinking the seriousness of this decision. When we become teachers we also become the molder that will shape our student to be successful in life. But when you decide to become a teacher in a Christian school you are not only shaping this student to be successful in life but we are also shaping their Christian mind to do things with a feeling knowing that they are shape and where made by the image of GodRead MoreMy Philosophy Of Education1015 Words   |  5 Pagesimmediately sparked my interest in becoming an educator and share my personal beliefs on the important aspects of education. In addition to this, I will present various traits I believe are essential and critical for teachers to successfully fulfill their role as an educator. During my elementary years, I developed an urge to frequently ask many questions during the school day. Being able to question anything was astonishing to me. This was because my parents were unable to answer my questions and help

Wednesday, December 11, 2019

Application of Practice Development-Free-Samples for Students

Question: You have Five Associate Managers in your team. You have just read an Interesting article: Lynch B.M., Mc Cormack B., Mc Cance T. (2011). Development of a Model of Situational Leadership in Residential Care for Older People. Answer: Introduction Practice development refers to the process of developing person-centered cultures (Manley et al., 2013). Practice development is gaining momentum as health care providers intend to use a systematic approach to transform work-based culture to deliver person-centered care. Person-centered care involves respect for clients, connecting with individuals and valuing the individual contributions (McCormack et al., 2013). There is a difference between practice development generally and specific activity. The former means over all development in practice whereas the later deals with the development of specific activity in nursing practice (say patient-centered care). The aim of the assignment is to examine the theory and concepts of practice development and consider their relevance to a context of nursing practice. The assignment discusses the philosophic premises of practice development. Further, the essay discusses the practice development Activity method- transformational practice. It alig ns with Situational leadership model, which was found to be effective in enhancing patient centered care in my workplace and is demonstrated in essay. The essay describes the workplace situation of nurse unit manager for application of the theories. The objective is to enhance the person-centered care in personal practice. I will work with the team of five associates as the nurses team leader. Summary of practice development According to Healy (2014), critical social theory underpins practice development. The theory assumes that society and the community are shaped by social structures and collective culture. Within the health care system, the cultural and linguistic barriers impede the effective communication between care providers and patients (Lynch, 2015). This hampers the process of decision making for the improvement of patient care. Practice development, however, helps the patients and carers actively engage in meaningful conversation to make clinical decisions. This process will better help clinicians and nurses to understand, challenge and change the culture to improve patient care. Eventually, the health care professionals become active participants in the change process. Practice development process requires Clinical leadership skills. The clinical leader can ensure effective teamwork through effective communication and collaboration (Dmeh Rosengren, 2015). In this process, all the members get equal opportunity to give their opinions. The opinions and ideas of each member are respected and valued. Together an effective decision is made on improving patient care focusing on the quality of the health care. Clinical leadership does not always mean the collaboration is initiated by the leader. For example, in nursing leadership, all the team members should collaborate with each other and the health practitioners to bring change (Dmeh Rosengren, 2015). According to Chinn Kramer (2013), individual nurses should cultivate the leadership skills to excel in the clinical care. According to Lind e al. (2016), the service delivery model is appropriate for practice development. This model involves a person-centered approach. The model has an emphasis on relationship-based interventions and has an interdisciplinary focus. As per the study undertaken by Mill et al. (2016), the service delivery model is appropriate for creating a change in the organisation. To initiate a change in any organisation, transformational leadership theory is applied. It involves the components of intellectual stimulation, inspirational motivation, individual consideration and idealised influence (Ross et al. 2014). This leadership is the main skill for nurses holding the key to patient-centered practice development. Situational leadership refers to use of different leadership styles in different situations. So, there might be some situations where only transformational leadership can be used. Therefore, situational leadership framework is best suitable for creating change in the organ isation while working as a team. (McCleskey, 2014). In a team different nurses may work with different perspectives, therefore, using situational leadership skills will help deals with issues of individual nurses in the delivering the patient centered care (Leigh et al. 2017). Every mission statement has a philosophy. For the development of the person centered care in nursing practice, I believe in the philosophy- strive for excellence in meeting the holistic needs of the patients in a caring and healing environment, while valuing the essential contribution of each member of staff. This type of philosophy is a theoretical construct that requires a service delivery structure (Lowe, 2017). This philosophy is justified, as the aim is to enhance person-centered care. In the next section, the transformational practice development method is discussed. The key practice development activity method As per the literature review, a key practice development activity method, which can be discussed in this context, is the transformational practice development. The rationale for choosing this method is it is a critical inquiry process (Manley et al., 2013). This method is appropriate to initiate change. To implement and instil the culture of the patient-centered care, this approach is appropriate. According to Ross et al. (2014), transformational practice is relational, discursive and embodied. Bringing such changes in the practice or in clinical leadership style for improving the quality of care, there is a need of generating new knowledge and insights into research, while change occurs simultaneously. The transformational practice development emphasises use of collaborative, inclusive and participatory approaches. Thus, for developing the person-centered care the transformational leadership style is effective. However, when working within team not all the members may be in same pag e. Therefore, situational leadership model is adopted where some of its elements align with transformational leadership style. In the situational leadership style, there are four levels of maturity in the followers. M1 is the bottom level of the scale. In this stage, the followers lack the skills; knowledge and confidence to work. The followers need to be pushed by the leader to act towards change. In the M2 level, the followers have some willingness to work on the task. However, the followers in this stage lack the skills to complete it successfully and achieve the common goals of team. In M3 level, the followers are ready and are willing to do the task. Followers at this stage have more skills than the followers of M2 group. At this stage, the followers are still not confident in their capabilities. In M4, followers are highly confident and committed to task. Therefore, the leader focuses less on the relationship with and the support over the followers (Lynch, 2015). I will be using situational leadership model for person-centered care development activity because this method uses the participatory communicative spacesfor knowledge and learning creation. I will assess the maturity level of each nurse in my team and lead her. The implications for practice using this approach requires the nursing team members (for this context) to have skills and courage. The nurse leaders must be skilled in guiding emancipatory and participatory processes for the staff members. It aligns with the transformational leadership style (Manley et al., 2013). I will be self-reflexive and critically mindfulof the other nurses during patient care. It will ensure the authenticity of the work being performed. While initiating the change, I will ensure the social justice and well-being for all to flourish. Thus, I would implement the situational leadership framework and adopt the mentioned skills to enhance person-centered care attitude among team members in my workplace. As per Leigh et al. (2017) the methodology of the transformational practice development is useful to identify the current practices and the values at the ward unit level. This method provides a basis to challenge practices and aligns with the situational leadership model (for followers of M4 level). The nurses can challenge the workplace cultures that will enable them the new ways of working, which should be evidence-based. The potential application of practice philosophy to nursing context The aim of developing the person-centered care can be initiated in many ways. Let us consider a scenario in my practice. I work as Associate nurse unit managerand has been assigned to lead the word as ANUM in absence of my manager. I am the in-chargeand hold responsibility to ensure that the staff are admitting patients correctly and the patients are being cared for well. The nurses in my ward are providing inpatient care for the management, treatment and review of patients with complex, chronic and multiple health care conditions, generally associated with ageing.The unit operates within an interdisciplinary framework with medical, nursing, pharmacy and allied health staff providing goal orientated individualised patient care. While I was leading the team of junior nurses, I have observed that they fail to implement patient-centered care. My aim is to collaborate with my team associates to implement the culture of patient-centered care. My objective is to teach them to respect the p atients and deal with them in the way that will not compromise their dignity. The person-centered theory can be well integrated with the situational leadership theory for personal practice . It is the useful framework to identify the level of support required for the associates in my team throughout the process of empowerment and enlightenment to that of the transformative action (McCleskey, 2014). When implementing the situational leadership model, the goal would be to initially analyse the needs of each of the associates in my team. My leadership style would vary from one team member to other depending on the competencies of each of the associate in their tasks and the level of commitment. Different leadership styles of situation leadership model are discussed in subsequent sections. For the above-mentioned scenario, the situational leadership style is most appropriate In this scenario, my team associates are in the M3 stage. For this maturity level of followers, the most appropriate leadership style is the Participating/supporting (Lynch, 2015). I will give less direction on what should be the patient-centered care attitude. My actions will demonstrate high support on implementing the Monash Health Nursing and Midwifery Governance Framework to strengthen consistency in accountability and responsibility across the profession. I will focus more on establishing strong relationship with my teammates to explain them factors that may hamper a patients respect or dignity. I will address their concerns on patients assessment by providing evidence-based solution. Currently, I find myself to be cautious contributor of the team. Considering the personal development level and the followers maturity level, this leadership style is appropriate. In Telling/directing leadership style, a leader supervises the followers closely and may focus highly on the task. In this leadership, style there is little room for building a strong rapport with the followers. In this style of leadership, the leader defines the role of the team associates and communication is usually one-way (McCleskey, 2014). I will apply this style if any of my associates are enthusiastic but lack competence to deliver patient-centered care. In the selling and coaching leadership style, a leader has high focus on the relationship with the followers as well as task. A two-way communication system is used for making decisions. Decisions are based on the ideas and suggestions from the follower. I will apply this leadership style for the associates who have poor commitment but demonstrate good competence in the work. In this situation, my role as a team leader will be to support and praise the team member to enhance their self-esteem. I will involve them in decision making related to ward to restore their commitment towards patient-centered care (Peus et al., 2013). I will emphasise on more direction and supervision for followers who are relatively inexperienced. There is other leadership style for the followers who are in M4 level as per situation leadership model. If followers are in this level, my aim will be to focus less on nursing tasks and on relationship with the nurses. I will be involved in the decision-making and problem solving with them. I would ensure that the team associates gain confidence to refer to me only in serious dilemma regarding nursing care. I will use this leadership style with followers who are highly competent and committed towards patient centered care (Lynch, 2015). The philosophy of striving for excellence can be used in workplace by incorporating organisational values and the situational leadership framework. Organisational values are human dignity, justice, compassion, quality and advocacy. The nurse manager must support and empower the nurses in the team as they impart the knowledge, skills and attitudes (Auld Bishop, 2015). I would implement this philosophy to build a strong rapport with my team. While implementing this philosophy, different leadership style will be used in different situations. Having enthusiasm and positive attitude encourages a holistic client-centered approach to care. I can also turn other associate in my team to be positive in their actions. By making them aware of the organisational goals and my personal philosophy, I will help them take independent actions wherever necessary. It will help the nurses to take autonomous actions in providing patient-centered care, which aligns with the coaching leadership style situat ional model (Bjarnadottir et al., 2015). The team members through involvement in the difficult conversation can implement the change in care towards the patient. It will help to set the new goals. Each member should engage in the process of critical analysis and support the ongoing development in care. I will engage in difficult conversation with the team associates to resolve the issues hampering the work (Masters, 2015). Nurses and the team leaders can evaluate the change by considering how the behaviours, systems and processesapplied aligns with the person-centered culture. My strategy will be to evaluate if the practice aligns with the values nurse associates have identified for person-centered practice (Arnold Boggs, 2015). Conclusion The essay discussed the concept of the practice development in the context of nursing. Various theories underpinning the practice development is discussed. Emphasizing on establishing the patient-centered culture in the hospital; I will work with the team of five associates as the nurses team leader. An effective leader should be versatile in moving around the matrix as per the situation. I believe that there is nothing called right leadership style that will be applicable in all situations. Dealing with the team members with each one at different level of maturity demands to apply the situational leadership style. I will use the most appropriate leadership style with the aim of taking each of my associates to a level where they will be highly competent and committed towards common goal of patient-centered care. This will ensure the transformative practice development. The philosophy of striving for excellence can be used in work by incorporating the organisational values. It is conc luded from the overall discussion that the nursing team as a whole should be able to facilitate the pre and post-registration nurse members in developing the nursing practice to promote patient-centered care. For development in the clinical setting, it will better promote the team members to liaise with the Nurse Education Centre, to put forward the education and training needs. It will contribute to different multidisciplinary projects. It can be interdisciplinary projects, policies, and Student Nurse Education programmes. It will help produce tools that the staff needs to improve practice. It will help introduce curriculum changes or changes in the protocol for patient care for different illness (McCormack et al., 2013). Lastly, the nurses and the team leaders can evaluate the change in the practice by considering how the behaviours, systems and processesapplied aligns with the person-centered culture. References Arnold, E. C., Boggs, K. U. (2015).Interpersonal relationships-E-Book: Professional Communication Skills for Nurses. Elsevier Health Sciences. Retrieved from: https://books.google.co.in/books?hl=enlr=id=7DAxBgAAQBAJoi=fndpg=PP1dq=Interpersonal+relationships-E-Book:+Professional+Communication+Skills+for+Nurses.+ots=uYrDQXrvTjsig=1bejDESIvevVfzSSLS0W5ooiK1Q#v=onepageq=Interpersonal%20relationships-E-Book%3A%20Professional%20Communication%20Skills%20for%20Nurses.f=false Auld, M. E., Bishop, K. (2015). Striving for excellence in health promotion pedagogy.DOI: 10.1177/2373379915568976. Bjarnadottir, R. I., Semeraro, P. K., Herzig, C. T., Pogorzelska-Maziarz, M., Carter, E., Cohen, C. C., ... Stone, P. W. (2015). Striving for Excellence: Minimum Data Set Coordinators Perceptions of Their Role in the Nursing Home. Journal of Gerontological Nursing,41(9), 32-41. DOI: 10.3928/00989134-20150728-09 Chinn, P. L., Kramer, M. K. (2013).Integrated Theory Knowledge Development in Nursing-E-Book. Elsevier Health Sciences. Retrieved from: https://books.google.co.in/books?hl=enlr=id=kdPsAwAAQBAJoi=fndpg=PP1dq=Integrated+Theory+%26+Knowledge+Development+in+Nursing-E-Book.+Elsevier+Health+Sciences.ots=gi3k46m2lwsig=u9sC0tCSLMpEz3ef7HQ80WeIhMY#v=onepageq=Integrated%20Theory%20%26%20Knowledge%20Development%20in%20Nursing-E-Book.%20Elsevier%20Health%20Sciences.f=false Dmeh, W., Rosengren, K. (2015). The visualisation of clinical leadership in the content of nursing educationa qualitative study of nursing students' experiences.Nurse Education Today,35(7), 888-893. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nedt.2015.02.020 Healy, K. (2014).Social work theories in context: Creating frameworks for practice. Palgrave Macmillan. Retrieved from: https://books.google.co.in/books?hl=enlr=id=49e3AwAAQBAJoi=fndpg=PP1dq=Social+work+theories+in+context:+Creating+frameworks+for+practice.+ots=oFEABk6fhesig=FBu1StMV4wYCf3JeMiYsfjp-2n4#v=onepageq=Social%20work%20theories%20in%20context%3A%20Creating%20frameworks%20for%20practice.f=false Leigh, J. A., Rutherford, J., Williamson, T. (2017). Stakeholder perspectives of an approach to healthcare leadership development through use of a multidimensional leadership development conceptual model.International Journal of Practice-Based Learning in Health and Social Care,5(1), 77-96. https://dx.doi.org/10.18552/ijpblhsc.v5i1.381 Lind, C., Meyer, C., Young, J. (2016, August). International Classification of Functioning, Health and Disability: a Potential Service Delivery Model for Audiological Practice: Hearing and Cognitive Impairment and the Role of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health as a Rehabilitation Framework. InSeminars in Hearing(Vol. 37, No. 3, p. 200). Thieme Medical Publishers. doi:10.1055/s-0036-1584410 Lowe, G. (2017). Nurse Practitioners: Framing their professional identity. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nurpra.2016.12.021 Lynch, B. (2015). Partnering for performance in situational leadership: a person-centred leadership approach.International Practice Development Journal,5. Retrieved from: https://search.proquest.com/openview/aa67536a3ae70757414546a29623f561/1?pq-origsite=gscholarcbl=2030535 Manley, K., McCormack, B., Wilson, V. (Eds.). (2013).International practice development in nursing and healthcare. John Wiley Sons. Retrieved from: https://books.google.co.in/books?hl=enlr=id=06Tk6Hilx0UCoi=fndpg=PA1968dq=International+practice+development+in+nursing+and+healthcare.ots=W9lZulvCljsig=VgXFGp8_xOy_6GcGpA2sa3wTUHM#v=onepageq=International%20practice%20development%20in%20nursing%20and%20healthcare.f=false Masters, K. (2015).Role development in professional nursing practice. Jones Bartlett Publishers. Retrieved from: https://books.google.co.in/books?hl=enlr=id=ftkBCwAAQBAJoi=fndpg=PR1dq=Role+development+in+professional+nursing+practice.+Jones+%26+Bartlett+Publishers.ots=nhQkIUTnyqsig=Tyiwv0U5FxYTdiy3VQwCc86WUys#v=onepageq=Role%20development%20in%20professional%20nursing%20practice.%20Jones%20%26%20Bartlett%20Publishers.f=false McCleskey, J. A. (2014). Situational, transformational, and transactional leadership and leadership development.Journal of Business Studies Quarterly,5(4), 117. Retrieved from: https://search.proquest.com/openview/e03631119c37d022b66d4ea5fe176e3f/1?pq-origsite=gscholarcbl=1056382 McCormack, B., Manley, K., Titchen, A. (Eds.). (2013).Practice development in nursing and healthcare. John Wiley Sons. Retrieved from: https://scholar.google.co.in/scholar?hl=enas_sdt=0%2C5q=Practice+development+in+nursing+and+healthcare.+btnG= Mill, J. E., Allen, M. N., Morrow, R. A. (2016). Critical theory: Critical methodology to disciplinary foundations in nursing.Canadian Journal of Nursing Research Archive,33(2). Retrieved from: https://cjnr.archive.mcgill.ca/article/view/1638 Peus, C., Braun, S., Frey, D. (2013). Situation-based measurement of the full range of leadership modelDevelopment and validation of a situational judgment test.The Leadership Quarterly,24(5), 777-795. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.leaqua.2013.07.006 Ross, E. J., Fitzpatrick, J. J., Click, E. R., Krouse, H. J., Clavelle, J. T. (2014). Transformational leadership practices of nurse leaders in professional nursing associations.Journal of Nursing Administration,44(4), 201-206. doi: 10.1097/NNA.0000000000000058

Wednesday, December 4, 2019

The Castle free essay sample

â€Å"The Castle† directed by Rob Sitch, is an Australian movie which expresses a variety of messages about the values connected with Australian culture. The Castle demonstrates themes of mateship, family values and team work. These values will be discussed about how these values are pre in the film and discussing how they occur in the film. Mateship is one of the strongest themes that stands out in the movie. For example Darryl, who finds his house in danger because the council want to expand the airport and acquire their home, he ran straight to Jack his elderly neighbour to check if he was doing ok. This kindness and caring Darryl shows all throughout out the film, by checking on others and their well-being before himself. Darryl fought for the community not just his family. He wanted the best for his family because his family mean the world to him, and because he doesn’t want them to get them hurt. We will write a custom essay sample on The Castle or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Laurie shows mateship because he offers to be their lawyer and he offers to pay all Darryl’s bills because he wants to be his friend and wants to look after him. This kind of caring relationship is evident throughout the film through the characters willingness to support each other, for example when Dennis Denuto represents Darryl in court in spite of his lack of ability in the constitutional law. The idea of spending quality time with friends is a very important component of mateship which is shown through Darryl’s keenness to look after Laurie and invite him up to Bonnie Doon with the rest of his family, he has a positive connections and relationships with all of his neighbours. The idea of loyalty and honesty towards your family and friends are meant to be the people that mean the world to you, supporting each other all the way to the end. It is a value that the film focuses on and is put forward as the most important thing of all in relationships in Australia. Family Values is another key value in the film because there is lots of evidence of it in the film. Some examples of kindness and caring is when the family are always having dinner together in front of the TV watching Hey, Hey It’s Saturday and spend quality time with the family and this is important because this can develop happy and healthy relationships throughout the family. Darryl’s kind nature enables him to take great pride in his kids because he loves all of them and has a very special bond and his positive nature which helps him support his kids and make them better people. He compliments on Sal’s cooking any time she cooks for the family and this makes her feel better about herself and encourages a  her to keep doing what she’s doing for the family. When Darryl receives a gift from his family on Father’s day, he feels so loved and so happy when he receives gifts, he acts so grateful and happy towards all the members of his family. All the Kerrigan’s are always grateful people and of each other, and have special bonds between one another and have different ways of showing them they love each other. All the members of the Kerrigan family are always cheerful and happy of all their achievements in the pool room, especially their greyhound racing awards, they are always proud and take great pride in their racing, he includes the grey hounds as part of their family because they mean so much to him and he treats them as people. These family values of kindness, caring and honesty are very important to have in a family because relationships grow when people show these values. It helps you grow as a person and helps other people become other people as well. The Castle is a really great movie to watch because it gives the viewer an example of what the values of Australian culture and values that Australian families have, especially honesty and caring which are Family values which are important values to have in a healthy family and how they important these make a family connect and spend as much time together as much as they can so they can help one another grow in to better people.